http://dailytimes.com.pk/opinion/15-Aug-16/improving-basic-education-system-in-pakistan

Education is a benchmark for excellence and is crucial for any developing country’s efforts to achieve sustainable development and prosperity. Well-being of a nation comes with education, as illiterate individuals do not turn out to be fruitful for any nation. It needs to be understood that education not only equips the population with knowledge and creative approach but also acts as an engine to accelerate economic growth. However, although a number of educational policies have been framed by different rulers, unfortunately, they were not put in practice in letter and spirit. With more than 68 million children under the age of 15 to educate, what is required are more efforts to overcome the challenge, and create a sustainable path to a better future for the country and its youth.

Article 25-A in the Constitution of Pakistan guarantees the right to free and compulsory education to all children of age five to 16 years. This means that free and compulsory education is to be provided by the state, but it is observed that little has actually been achieved on the implementation of Article 25-A so far. Moreover, laws necessary to ensure the implementation of the article have either not been made or not made effective by all the provinces. There is a desperate need to take meaningful measures to implement this article in real terms.

It is, however, important to note that the implementation of Article 25-A is a challenge because there are still millions of out-of-school children. Moreover, the way the population of the country is increasing, our society would soon be engulfed in more illiteracy because of a low enrollment rate. The rapid population growth would lead to a steady increase in the number of out-of-school children, and resultantly, the number of illiterate people in the country would multiply.

It is estimated that at present about 55 million Pakistanis of age 10 plus are unable to read and write, and seven million children of age five-nine years are out of school. Worst still, in rural areas, about 52 percent of girls are not enrolled in school, and 67 percent women are illiterate. Thus owing to a low standard of education our society has been immensely affected in all spheres of life, including developmental processes, economic uplift, and social and political stability.

Many educational policies have been designed since the inception of Pakistan; we are adept at making policies but slow in fully implementing them. Now the time has come to have a realistic approach and innovative ideas that may help to improve the standard of education in Pakistan. In this regard, it is necessary that government should work on mass mobilisation and have awareness campaigns in every village, town and city. Political and religious leaders, social workers and civil society organisations should participate in campaigns in their respective areas. Participation of local communities is said to be the key to success of basic education programmes. This participation has been lacking in Pakistan where many parents and communities neither understand the importance of education nor support it in any way. Thus it is important that community-based awareness campaigns are started everywhere, as such activities would be helpful to eliminate lack of awareness, conservatism and ignorance of parents about benefits of education. These factors are deemed to be basic hurdles that impede enrollment of all children into schools.

Quality of education in primary schools should be evaluated by these indicators: student attendance, teacher attendance, test scores, transparency and checking of school resources. All that would lead to an improvement in the standard of education. It is necessary to systematically monitor teachers’ actual presence during school time, as it is commonly observed that students’ attendance is greatly related to teachers’ presence. Thus measures should be taken to encourage teachers to serve in schools with honesty and integrity. Growing evidence on learning achievement confirms that the quality and relevance of basic education is related to giving training to teachers and enhancing their pedagogic practice, and improving learning/teaching conditions. It is up to teachers’ abilities to improve the quality of education, and that comes through methods used for different ways of teaching.

We must celebrate children’s voices and rights in the classroom and the school. And in order to make that happen there should be events where civil society members, parents, and teachers interact with children. This influence should extend to pedagogy as well as school councils; for it is the classroom where citizenship starts, and it is common knowledge that discussion, dialogue and argument are very powerful tools for learning.

Fighting illiteracy is a great tool to ensure social stability. We must understand that rampant illiteracy has grave implications for our national security. A largely illiterate population is an easy prey to nefarious propaganda, and can be easily misguided, divided, and radicalised. State should take measures and make sure every child is schooled and every Pakistani is literate.

The writer is an educationalist, and can be reached at ishfakkhan@yahoo.com

BAIL BONDS

Bail bonds generally refer to surety bonds taken by agent or bond dealer agency that will be responsible to act as surety to get bail of   an accused person in court. However, often times people are unable to this term unless they or their dear and near ones are taken by law enforcement agencies in any case. In such situation there is prompt need of Bail bondsman who will take security form the defendant in order to come up to cover the cost of  the bail. In this process agent receives certain amount as his fees. This fee in not be returned back because this is service fee. As when defendants are financially weak and unable to manage their bail, then they seek help from a bail agent. Thus agent helps to put Bail Bond in the court and defendant is bound required to appear in the court proceeding in scheduled dates issued by the court.However, almost most bondsmen write 10% of the value of the baond.For instance, if bond is written for $20000, then you will be charged about $2000.When all legal formalities are completed then court will issue a receipt for the bail bond stating that bail is allowed

Collateral for Bail bonds have many different forms used to get bail. Some of the collateral items are listed down so that this may help to understand.

Property bond.

In this term there is required to put up your property as collateral to get bail of accused person. By giving property bond means one is willing to promise to pay the bond amount in case accused person does not attend court sessions. Thus if someone fails to keep his promise, then court orders to posses the property in order to recover the amount that you promised to pay

Home:

  • Any house or apartment belonging to you can be used to secure Bail bond

Movable things.

  • Valuable items like car and other valuable vehicles can be used to get bail.
  • Truck
  • Bus

Cash Bond:

  • By this means cash, credit card payments or checks

Valuable items.

  • Many valuable items can serve to act for Bail.
  • Bracelet
  • Gold bangles

Money in Bank

  • Bank account balance can be handed over to bonds main in order to arrange bail. In this accumulated money in your bank account will be locked in and will be used for expenses until case is heard and concluded.

Surety bond:

  • This type of bond means if defendant is unable to pay the bond value as set in terms. Then a relative of the defendant contacts the bail agent.

As above cited things are quite sufficient to guide someone who happens to involve in any crime and need to get bail. Thus in such sort of situation this  is only option to come up with and take a safe and legal way to deal with law and get rid of ordinary worries occurring in life. Bail Bonds lead to live with legal ways in society.

 

A TRIP TO GORKH HILL

 

IF Murree is the Queen of Hills, then Gorakh Hill, Sindh’s highest point, which is often compared to that verdant hill station in the north of Pakistan, is a lonely, majestic king.It is Located in Dadu district at a height of 5,688 feet in the Khirthar Range, at the border of Sindh and Balochistan, the vistas viewable from the top of the hill are unforgettable. However, getting there is nothing short of an accomplishment.

Itis really nice to Gorkh Hill.The place is far from the bustling city and getting there is part of the adventure. One can take the tunnel or drive but whichever way you take when one arrives there, it’s like being transported in time.One cannot fail to notice the romance in the air and the sweet air that blows as much as hill goes high and high .The place place is like a giant playground without the technologically advanced rides.It offers pure delight and tons of fun. It is a place where everyone is invited to enjoy the sights and sounds of the place and be like children once again discover how easier it is to smile and throw our miseries away.

As there is lengthy journey which is the poor condition of roads — a common problem throughout Sindh. From Karachi to Jamshoro it is a fairly smooth ride but the road from Sehwan, the seat of the Qalandar, to Dadu is under construction. However the road (if at all it can be called that) from Johi, the last major town en route to Gorakh, to Wahi Pandi, the last village before taking the road to the hill, is absolutely treacherous.The road to Gork Hill is uneven but the cold wind and cloudy atmosphere will not make us feel any difficulty on climbing the Hill.The Cloudy weather is as given.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Yet as we climbed up towards the summit of Gorakh Hill, the mountain hues were stunning. There was grey, ochre, brown and a speckle of green here and there. The natural sculptures, fashioned by wind and water no doubt, were a sight to behold. The climb was only punctuated by the occasional sighting of a lonely shepherd tending his flock or a camel herder watching over his beasts, or construction workers being hauled to the top.

 

In winter, the place is like a giant ice kingdom, where everything is glistening white and silent. During this time, one can feel the sadness of the city, how it has been suspended in time, and like a bear who sleeps in the winter, it wakes up in the spring. Sadly, not many people visit Gorkh Hill these days.

In a nutshell, the visit to Gorkh hill is wonderful and once in life its visit be memorized

 

education for all

Education helps in following manners:
1. Overcoming Superstitions
Superstitions are baseless, useless and may affect your life negatively. Illiterate and uneducated people often tend to hold certain superstitious beliefs. Education and awareness are the best ways to combat superstitions and replace such beliefs with reason and logic.
2. Keeping up with the world
We live in an ever changing world. New technologies keep coming up and if you don’t want to be left behind, you must keep up with the world which is moving really fast. Without education it will be really difficult for you to adapt to all these changes. An educated person is much more aware of the latest technologies and all the changes that are taking place in the world. For example, an uneducated person may not know about the benefits of the internet whereas an educated person uses this gift of technology regularly for work as well as for entertainment.
3. Education and healthcare
Illiteracy often breeds ignorance and this ignorance may prove to be dangerous when it comes to healthcare. Educated people know better about preventive methods which protect them from a number of diseases. An illiterate and ignorant person is more likely to ignore the symptoms and avoids seeking medical aid unless the problem becomes very serious. Hence education enables you to take better care of yourself as well as your family.
4. Respect
Everybody likes a wise and knowledgeable person! Educated people are considered highly reputable in the society. The more educated you are, the more respect you will get from those around you.
5. Helps you understand the world we live in
Education is what you need if you want an answer to your ‘whats’ and ‘hows’ and ‘wheres’. It helps you understand the world you live in. You get to know more about your surroundings as well as the whole world through subjects like history, geography, science etc.
6. Makes the world a safer and more peaceful place
Education majorly affects our understanding of the difference between right and wrong. An educated person is well aware of the consequences of wrong/illegal actions and he is less likely to get influenced and do something which is not legally/morally right. Also, a number of uneducated people who live a poverty stricken life owning to lack of opportunities often turn to illegal ways such as theft and robbery to solve their problems. If you are educated, you are well